Dr. Afana’s Articles

Problems In Applying Diagnostic Concepts Of PTSD And Trauma In The Middle East

The aim of this paper is to examine the conceptual and cultural validity of the diagnostic concept of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) as applied to traumatized people in the Arab region, and to consider the implications of this examination for the development of the ICD-11 by the World Health Organization. The transcultural applicability of the diagnostic category of PTSD as currently described in both ICD-10 and DSM-IV has been a matter of extensive debate, both in terms of the category’s validity and in terms of its clinical utility for people in the Middle East. Read More.

Weeping in silence: the secret sham of torture among Palestinian children

The torture of children is one of the world’s secrete and embarrassing scandals pleading for actions to be enforced at the national and international levels. Most of tortured children suffer in silence, scared to tell their stories and their perpetrators the same in- stitutions that are expected to protect them and promote their safety and well being. ٌRead More 

Psychiatry and the Prevention of Torture

It has been reported that a small number of physicians, psychiatrists, and psychologists were involved in torture in Afghanistan, Guantanamo Bay, and Abu Ghraib in Iraq. Read More


Trauma and disasters in social and cultural context

Trauma and disasters are important causes of human  suffering both in terms of the sheer numbers of people  affected and the complexity of the mental health problems that may follow. Violence has become one of the leading causes of death worldwide for people aged 15–44 years.Read More


The Red Cross interview with
 Dr Abdel Hamid Afana

When it comes to differentiating between torture and cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment, torture is, generally speaking, a more serious violation of human rights, personal integrity and dignity. There are three main differences between torture and cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment and punishment. Read More


The Ability of General Practitioners to detect mental health problems among primary care patients in a stressful environment: Gaza Strip

The patients were assessed with respect to mental disorders by Hopkins Symptom Checklist 25 (HSCL-25), and the GPs were independently asked to fill in the Goldberg checklist II to assess the patient after consultation. The Sample consisted of 10 primary health care clinics in the Gaza Strip, which were randomly selected from the five regions that form the Gaza Strip (Northern, Southern region, Gaza City, Middle region, Khan-Younis and Rafah). Thirty-two GPs and 661 patients participated in the study. Read More


The Attitudes of Palestinian Primary Health Care Professionals in the Gaza Strip towards mental illness

This survey sought to investigate the attitude of Palestinian primary health care professionals towards mental illness in the Gaza Strip. A random ample of 166 General Practitioners and nurses were surveyed using Likert-type scale (29 items). Read More





















































































































































































































Attitude Towards Mental Disorder

Assessment of Mental Disorders
Community Care to Torture Victims
Gender and other Predictors of Anxiety
Prevalence of PTSD
Terror in the Holy Land